The seaworthy packing procedure article provides you information about packing procedure which needs to withstand the conditions of maritime transport.
The term seaworthy packaging procedure is intended to indicate that the packaging must additionally strengthen and withstand the conditions of maritime transport and then resist to more severe stresses.
But you may note the most severe stresses do not occur during maritime transport itself, but instead during cargo handling (due to impact, pushing, overturning etc.).
In below you can see a draft of seaworthy packing procedure which can be used for industrial goods:
Seaworthy packing procedure, execution, and requirements are addressed partially in the I4I Academy API Source Inspection course.
VENDOR shall be solely responsible for packing and marking of CARGO with respect to handling, transport, and storage at plant site. VENDOR shall be fully liable for proper, sufficient and adequate packing, completeness of contents, protection of contents for a storage time of 6 months, and correct preparation of the packing list. All damage and costs whatsoever resulting from inadequate or insufficient packing shall be fully charged to VENDOR.
Packing and conservation of goods shall be sufficient to protect them from damage during transit from point of manufacturer and storage at job SITE under conditions which may involve multiple handling, extended storage, exposure to moisture and the possibility of pilferage. The content must withstand 1 year transit conditions without suffering damage and VENDOR shall give recommendations for further two-year storage under SITE conditions. Required storage facilities and procedures shall be advised by VENDOR in advance.
Case and crated shall be made from new, sound and seasoned lumber. Thickness of sheathing (or outer plate) shall be in accordance with the chart below.
If so required for static reasons, thicker sheathing shall be used, in accordance with size and weight of the package. Timber crates and boxes shall be strong enough to withstand without any damage, transport and numerous handling between the works and the SITE.
Cases and crates with gross weight up to 1,000 kgs shall be provided with bottom cleats of min. 40 mm thicknesses to ensure clearance for handling by forklift. Cases and crates exceeding gross weight of 1,000 kgs shall be provided with skid runners, number and size according to weight of package.
The contents of cases shall be protected by waterproof and strong plastic foil, which shall be sealed by welding.
An adequate quantity of moisture absorbent (silica gel) shall be added to protect the contents for sufficiently long time from corrosion.
These specifications will be applied for 1) machinery such as pumps and compressors and 2) Instrument and electrical components, which contains electronic part. As for 1) piping materials such as pipes, valves and fittings, 2) construction materials and 3) structural steel and steel plates for tanks, the above specifications will not be applied.
Felt, cellophane paper, polyester cuttings, crepe cellulose and some equally efficient materials may be used for padding or cushioning. Wood shavings and other paper shall not be used for padding or cushioning.
Materials shall be protected against corrosion during transit as necessary. All bright and machined parts shall be coated with a recognized rust preventative suited to the particular application concerned. All internal parts of machinery shall be treated with lubricant containing rust and oxidation inhibitors to protect equipment from any possible damage. Such lubricants shall be compatible with those which will subsequently be used in service and shall be identified by appropriate tagging.
When required, materials shall be painted or coated din accordance with the particulars contained in the purchase order and /or specifications.
Packages containing “FRAGILE” articles shall be appropriately packed and in addition to the words “Fragile-Handle With Care” being stenciled on two opposite sides, internationally recognized symbols shall also be used “This Side Up” Spare part for two years operation, which shall be individually tagged, must be covered with a suitable preservative and wrapped with greaseproof paper and be packed in separate cases from the prime item. The cases are to bear the markings as specified and in addition the words “SPARE PARTS FOR TWO-YEARS OPERATION.”
Commissioning spares shall be individually tagged and marked “COMMISSIONIN SPARES” and shall be packed and shipped with the prime item.
Should any materials be scheduled to be freighted as deck cargo, additional packing instructions may be required of which VENDOR will be advised for vessels and column. shipment cradles will be used throughout the transportation. Cradles to be secured to vessels and columns by strapping.
Unless otherwise specified, all cases, boxes, bundles and containers are to be securely metal strapped with a minimum of two un-annealed steel straps in each of two right angled and opposite directions, or where applicable wood re-enforces.
Cases and crates shall, according to their weight and size, be provided with two or more steel straps made of unannealed steel, applied with a stretching tool and secured with crimped steel seals.
Units or parts belonging to main equipment but separately packed shall be clearly marked for easy identification with main equipment to which they related.
All flanges, machined working surfaces and threaded parts of all equipment shall be suitably protected. All flanged connections of vessels shall be protected by metal plates correctly casketed by wooden plugs or plastic caps suitably secured in positions.
Pipe, structural steel sections and plates, shall be strapped in bundles of convenient size and weight for handling. Rolled and shaped plates shall be provided with suitable bracing to eliminate distortion during transit, and shall be bundled in uniform lengths. The weight of each bundle shall be within the breaking strain of the steel wrapping. Each bundle shall be marked with a metal tag, hard stamped, secured under steel wrapping. A 2000 kg limitation shall be imposed for lifts in this category, where practicable long lengths shall be limited to 11.5 meters to avoid long length carriers. All small steel sections, handrail stanchions, gusset plate’s etc. shall be boxed.
Black Steel Pipe
Black steel pipes with an outer diameter of up to 168.3 mm shall be bundled by strapping cleats above and below the load, with boards between each pipe layer, and secured by through bolts. Black steel pipes exceeding the above outer diameter shall be treated as an individual package and marked accordingly. All black steel pipes shall be protected by means of tactile spray. The pipe ends shall be closed with plastic caps. If, in case of pipes with large diameters, the pipe ends cannot be closed with plastic caps, the interior of the pipes shall also be protected and sprayed with Tactile.
Bituminized pipes shall be prepared, packed and handles according to established practice.
Stainless Steel Pipe
Stainless steel pipes shall be packed in wooden cases. Protection with tactile is not necessary.
Valves and Fitting
All valves and fittings (pipe elbows, flanges, etc) shall be suitably protected and their method of shipment shall be:
Fittings (valves, pipe elbows, flanges, etc) must be packed in wooden cases and must be protected.
Pipe, structural steel sections and plates, shall be strapped in bundles of convenient size and weight for handling. Rolled and shaped plates shall be provided with suitable bracing to eliminate distortion during transit, and shall be bundled in uniform lengths.
The weight of each bundle shall be within the braking strain of the steel wrapping. Each bundle shall be marked with a metal tag, hard stamped, secured under steel wrapping. A 2000 kg limitation shall be imposed for lifts in this category. Where practicable, lengths shall be limited to 11.5 meters to avoid long carrier. All small steel sectional handrail stanchions, gusset plates etc.shall be boxed.
Fire bricks, special tiles and insulation refractory shall be boxed after sealing in a polyethylene liner or packed in shrink packages. These boxes shall be skid mounted. Instructions regarding storage prior to installation shall be stenciled on each box with particular reference to adverse weather/ temperate /humidity conditions.
Pipeline bags suitably boxed, or water tight steel drums will be used for shipping cement, special aggregate, etc. paper bags must not be less substantial than 60 1bs outer wall, 400 1ba inner walls and one moisture craft inner wall.
Units or parts belonging to main equipment but separately packed shall be clearly marked for easy identification with the main equipment to which they relate.
All flanges, machined working surfaces and threaded parts of all equipment shall be suitably protected. All flanged connections of vessels shall be protected by metal plates correctly casketed by wooden plugs or plastic caps suitably secured in position.
Apparatus and vessels shall, where possible, be packed on skid constructions and secured with adjustable steel straps, as per attached sketches. All unprotected surfaces shall be spared with Tactile. Manholes and other major openings shall be protected with either plastic caps or wooden lids, which shall be firmly secured. Smaller openings shall be closed with plastic plugs.
All vessel internals and items not installed by VENDOR at works including accessories such as small parts, bolts, nuts, gaskets, etc. shall be packed in wooden cases separately for each vessel or apparatus and marked with the same item number as the vessel/apparatus in order to protect all parts from loss or damage in transit. Internals, bolts and gaskets for service/ testing operations shall be supplied with the vessels/ items by VENDOR and all internal, boxed separately and marked according to marking procedure; each item shall be supplied correctly and identified for field installation by others.
Note: It is imperative that all there items be clearly listed on the packing list. Vessel, Heat Exchangers
All vessels / heat exchangers or items of such construction shall be dried, thoroughly cleaned inside and be free of all dirt and loose foreign materials.
Accessories for apparatus and vessels (small parts, bolts, nuts, washers, gaskets, etc.) are to be packed in wooden cases, separately for each apparatus or vessel. These cases must be marked with the same item number as the apparatus / vessel to which they belong. All commissioning spare parts to be packed separately, shall be marked with the relevant main item.
All electrical motors whether coupled or uncoupled, generators, and electrical equipment shall have all openings sealed with protective tape, shall be packed in suitable weather proof skid mounted boxes, and protected from moisture ingress by desiccant as described above.
Items with brushes shall be brushed and rust removed before shipment. All electrical equipment shall be suitably protected to withstand 1-year transit conditions and venders shall give recommendations for a further, 2-years storage under SITE conditions.
Batteries shall be shipped dry with electrolyte packed separately and shall include charging instructions.
Electrical Constructions Materials
All bulk items, lighting, fittings cable glands, witches, etc. are to be packed in batches sufficient for a specific volume of work.
2-8 Seaworthy Packing Procedure - Electrical Panel
This specification covers the method for packing of electric and instrument panels and export delivery, to provide full protection against physical damage and atmospheric attack during transit and possible long periods under adverse storage conditions which may extend to two years. In case of any discrepancies between these specifications and other engineering specifications provided by purchaser, these specifications shall govern.
This specification is for the package VENDOR’s guidance only. He shall remain fully responsible for selecting suitable materials for proper packaging.
The package VENDOR shall provide written instructions for the removal of protective coatings and devices.
Shroud the instrument or panel, which shall be thoroughly clean, dry and free from rust, shall be totally enclosed in a polyethylene shroud after sharp projections on the instrument or panel have been padded. Silica gel or other approved desiccant shall be strapped inside the shroud, but shall not come into contact with the paintwork.
After the desiccant is strapped into position, the open ends of the shroud shall be heat sealed, only leaving an opening large enough for the insertion of an air-extracting pipe. After extraction of the air from air from the shroud, the opening shall be completely sealed
All wood shall be thoroughly seasoned and thoroughly sound without knots, knot holes, shakes and checks.
After nailing, joint in the case shall be sealed with Bostik Sealing compound and the outside bound with steel strapping.
All electronic and pneumatic instruments to be packed in accordance with given instructions and must be suitably protected to withstand 1-year transit conditions and VENDOR is to give recommendations for a further 2-years storage under SITE conditions.
All valves and fittings (pipe elbows, flanges, etc) shall be suitably protected and their method of shipment shall be in wooden cases having adequately designed interior support with interior waterproof protection
Click Here to see Different Packing Style; such as wooden case, crate, skid base or saddle, bundle, shrink package and drum and specific electrical panel package.
When packing CARGO made by wooden case or crate, VENDOR shall try to make a package less than following dimensions and weight for container carriage.
Dimension: 11.5m (L) x 2.2.m (W) x 2.05 m (H) for 40’ container and
5.5 m (L) x 2.2 m (W) x 2.05m (H) for 20’ container
Equipment and /or parts of different item numbers shall not be packed together in the same package. Small goods such as accessories, spare parts for erection and commissioning and special tools shall be packed separately in respective inner boxes with tags or labels attached there being clearly indicating their contents. In case that such accessories, spare parts and special tools is packed in separate boxes/ crates, item no. of main equipment shall be clearly mentioned in Main Shipping Mark of purchaser easy identification.
These spare parts shall be individually tagged and separately packed. The following mark shall be indicated in red paint on the outside or the inner box and be enclosed inside the package containing the main equipment concerned.
Erection Spare Parts: ERECTION SPARES
Commissioning Spare Parts: COMMISSIONIN SPARES
The packages must be marked with the same item number as the equipment and materials to which the spare parts belong.
Special tools and accessories for equipment and materials are to be packed in wooden cases separately for each main equipment. The mark “TOOLS” and “ACCESSORY” shall be indicated respectively in red paint on the outside of the inner box and be enclosed inside the package containing the main equipment concerned. The packages must be marked with the same item number as the equipment and materials to which the special tools and accessories belong.
Two – years spare parts, which shall be individually tagged, must be covered with a suitable preservative and wrapped with greaseproof paper and be packed in separate cases from main equipment. The cases are to bear the markings as specified and in addition the words “SPARE PARTS FOR TWO-YEARS OPERATION” in red paint.
The purpose of tagging is to identify each equipment, material, parts, tool, etc. shipped as CARGO with the packing list and/or drawings. After filling necessary descriptions with required format, the tag shall be attached to all individual equipment, material parts, tools, etc.
VENDOR’s own tag form is acceptable if all required items are described in the form. Tag shall be filled out with ball-point pen in black.
Following tags shall be used according to CARGO category:
Cargo category Tag to be used:
Normal Tag: Main equipment and/or materials, Accessories, Erection Spare Parts, Commissioning Spare Parts and Special Tools,
Tag with Red Color Belt: 2 Years Spare Parts
Tag Description for Spare Parts
Following description shall be indicated in tags to be attached to each category of spare parts
Erection Spare Parts: ERECTION SPARES Commissioning Spare Parts: COMMISSIONIN SPARES 2 years operation spares parts: SPARE PARTS FOR TWO YEARS OPERATION
Outside of the Package 2copies of detail packing list in a waterproof plastic envelope shall securely be nailed under a galvanized steel sheet cover on the outer surface of the package.